Lincoln Aviator 2020-2022 Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Engine Emission Control - 3.0L EcoBoost / Description and Operation - Engine Emission Control - System Operation and Component Description

Lincoln Aviator: Engine Emission Control - 3.0L EcoBoost / Description and Operation - Engine Emission Control - System Operation and Component Description

System Operation

Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System

The PCV system circulates crankcase gases through the intake air system into the engine where they are burned. The PCV system regulates the amount of ventilated air and blowby gases to the intake manifold.

The PCV system equipped with a removable PCV valve, a PCV valve integral to the valve cover, or a crankcase ventilation oil separator, as part of the PCV system. The PCV system on some vehicles will include a crankcase pressure sensor to detect a disconnection of the fresh air hose.

The PCV systems comply with OBD PCV monitoring requirements to prevent accidental disconnection from the valve cover. For more information about the PCV monitor and crankcase pressure sensor, refer to Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System Monitor in this section.

Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System Monitor

The PCV system monitor consists of a modified PCV system design. The PCV system is designed to prevent accidental disconnection. High retention force molded plastic lines are used from the valve cover to the intake manifold. The diameter of the lines and the intake manifold entry fitting are increased so that disconnection of the lines may cause an engine to stall. In the event the vehicle does not stall if the line between the intake manifold and PCV system is disconnected, the vehicle has a large vacuum leak that causes the vehicle to run lean at idle. The lean condition illuminates the MIL and stores a lean bank 1 or bank 2 DTC.

The PCV monitor sets a DTC if the PCV vacuum hose is disconnected, or if a large air leak between the throttle body (TB) and intake valves is present. An idle speed symptom may be present when the DTC is set.

The PCV system includes a crankcase pressure sensor to detect a disconnection of the fresh air hose. A disconnection of the fresh air hose would allow the discharge of crankcase vapor into the atmosphere while the engine was under boost. The fresh air hose connects the intake air system to the valve cover, with the crankcase pressure sensor mounted in the fresh air hose. The PCV monitor will detect a fresh air hose disconnection at the intake air system or the valve cover, by monitoring crankcase pressure sensor changes during engine cranking, and driving with higher intake airflow.

For additional PCV information, refer to Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System in this section

Component Description

Crankcase Pressure Sensor

The crankcase pressure sensor measures the vacuum in the PCV system. A change in the PCV system vacuum greater than a calibrated threshold indicates the PCV system is disconnected and will set a DTC. The crankcase pressure sensor is located in the PCV system hose between the intake air system air cleaner and the engine crankcase PCV inlet.

On some vehicles, the CKCP has one digital signal output from the sensor. There is one reference voltage circuit and one signal return circuit for the sensor. For all others, the CKCP has one analog signal output from the sensor. There is one reference voltage circuit and one signal return circuit for the sensor.

    Description and Operation - Engine Emission Control - Component Location

    3..

    Diagnosis and Testing - Crankcase Ventilation

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