Lincoln Aviator 2020-2022 Service Manual / Body and Paint / Body and Paint / Front Seats / Description and Operation - Front Seats - System Operation and Component Description

Lincoln Aviator: Front Seats / Description and Operation - Front Seats - System Operation and Component Description

System Operation

System Diagram - Driver Memory Seat


Item Description
1 HS-CAN1
2 PCM
3 BCM
4 HS-CAN1
5 Ignition Switch
6 GWM
7 Memory Set Switch
8 MS-CAN
9 DSM
10 MS-CAN
11 DDM
12 Memory Power Seat Motors
13 LIN
14 Driver Seat Control Switch
15 SCMG
16 MS-CAN
17 With Multi-Contour Seats

Network Message Chart - Driver Memory Seat

  DSM Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Key-in-ignition status   BCM Provides the ignition status. This input is used for the easy entry/exit feature.
Personality recall   BCM When the personality recall command is received from the BCM, the DSM stores or recalls the associated memory seat position (1, 2 or 3). If a RKE transmitter has been programmed to a memory position, this input recalls the associated memory seat position.
Memory seat switch status   DDM When the memory set switch (1, 2 or 3) is activated, the DDM sends this message to the DSM, which then stores or recalls the associated memory seat position.

  SCMG Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Easy entry/exit   DSM This input is used for the easy entry/exit feature.
Seat memory command   DSM When the personality recall command is received from the DSM, the SCMG stores or recalls the associated memory seat bladder pressures and multi-contour adjust/massage setting for personality (1, 2 or 3). If a RKE transmitter has been programmed to a memory position, this input recalls the associated memory seat settings.

System Diagram - Heated Seats


Item Description
1 HVAC
2 Driver Seat
3 Cushion Heater Mat
4 Cushion Temp Sensor
5 Backrest Heater Mat
6 Passenger Seat
7 Backrest Heater Mat
8 Cushion Heater Mat
9 Cushion Temp Sensor
10 MS-CAN
11 FCIMB
12 GWM
13 HS-CAN3

Network Message Chart - Heated Seats

  HVAC Module Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Climate control requests   FCIMB Contains the heated seat request information.

  FCIMB Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Climate control button status HVAC module The HVAC module provides this message to the FCIMB for the purpose of updating the displayed status of the heated seat buttons on the FCIMB.

System Diagram - Heated/Ventilated Seats


Item Description
1 MS-CAN
2 SCME
3 Cushion and Backrest Blower Motors
4 Driver Seat
5 Cushion Heater Mat
6 Cushion Temp Sensor
7 Backrest Heater Mat
8 Passenger Seat
9 FCIMB
10 GWM
11 HS-CAN3
12 Backrest Heater Mat
13 Cushion Heater Mat
14 Cushion Temp Sensor
15 Cushion and Backrest Blower Motors

Network Message Chart - Heated/Ventilated Seats

  SCME Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Climate control requests   FCIMB The climate control requests message contains the heated/ventilated seat request information.

  FCIMB Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Climate control button status   SCME The SCME provides this message to the FCIMB for the purpose of updating the displayed status of the heated/ventilated seat buttons on the FCIMB.

System Diagram - Multi-Contour Front Seats


Item Description
1 FDIM
2 APIM
3 HS-CAN3
4 GWM
5 MS-CAN
6 SCMG/ SCMH
7 Front Seat Cushion Adjuster
8 Front Seat Power Lumbar Assembly
9 HS-CAN2
10 OCSM

Network Message Chart - Multi-Contour Front Seats

  FDIM Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Multi-contour seat button status SCMG/ SCMH The SCMG/ SCMH provides this message to the FDIM for the purpose of updating the displayed status of the multi-contour seat buttons on the FDIM (touchscreen).
Driver/passenger multi-contour seat position data SCMG/ SCMH The SCMG and SCMH provide this message to the FDIM for the purpose of updating the displayed pressure of the multi-contour seat bladders and bolster pairs on the FDIM (touchscreen).

  SCMG/ SCMH Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
Multi-contour seat request   FDIM The multi-contour seat request message contains the requested multi-contour function(s) from the touchscreen.

  SCMH Network Input Messages


Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
OCS data   OCSM The OCSM provides status of whether the passenger seat is occupied or not so that the SCMH can disable the massage function from operating when the passenger seat is unoccupied.

Driver Power Seat Operation

The driver seat control switch communicates over a LIN to the DSM. When the DSM receives the input from the seat control switch, the DSM provides power to the appropriate seat motor until the input is removed. The motor circuits are normally grounded through the DSM. The DSM internally switches the appropriate circuit from ground to voltage to operate the motors.

As the seat is adjusted, the DSM monitors fluctuations of the motor current (ripple count for DC (direct current) motors) to determine the current seat position. The DSM removes voltage from the motor upon termination of the seat control switch input or if the DSM does not detect movement from the motor.

If equipped with 4-way lumbar, the front seat power lumbar assembly contains 2 inflatable air bladders. Depending upon the voltage signals received from the DSM, the power lumbar assembly either activates the air pump while diverting air to inflate the selected bladder, or it deflates the selected bladder by venting it to the atmosphere.

DSM Hard Stop/Soft Stop

A hard stop occurs when one of the memory seat track or backrest axes physically reach the end of travel and can go no further. A soft stop occurs when the seat stops before it physically reaches the end of travel. The hard stop is set by seat design and cannot be changed or adjusted. The soft stop is set by the DSM. The seat track axes are forward/rearward, front up/down and rear up/down. The backrest axis is recline forward/backward. If equipped with 24-way or 30-way seats, there are additional axes for the cushion extension (forward/rearward) and head restraint (forward/rearward and up/down). To prevent unnecessary stress on the seat and motors, the DSM sets soft stop positions, 2 for each axis of motion. The DSM uses a preset distance from the hard stop to determine where the soft stop occurs. When an axis reaches the hard stop and the switch is held for approximately one second, the DSM establishes the soft stop for that axis in that direction.

Easy Entry/Exit

The easy entry/exit feature is a function of the DSM that moves the driver seat back approximately 50.8 mm (2 in) (unless seat is already positioned at or near the end of travel) when the ignition is turned off. The DSM receives ignition off status over the MS-CAN and operates the driver seat rearward. The DSM cancels this operation if the function is disabled or a valid input command is received from the driver seat control switch, memory set switch or exterior mirror control switch.

The DSM records the current seat positions before operating the seat for an easy exit operation. During easy entry operation (when the ignition is turned on), the seat is returned to the recorded seat position prior to the easy exit operation. Easy entry operation is cancelled if a valid input command is received by the DSM or a memory position recall using the memory set switch is received.

The easy entry/exit feature can be enabled/disabled through the message center. For information on programming vehicle settings in the message center, refer to the Owner's Literature.

Passenger Power Seat Operation

The passenger seat control switch communicates over a LIN to the SCMB. When the SCMB receives the input from the seat control switch, the SCMB provides power to the appropriate seat motor until the input is removed. The motor circuits are normally grounded through the SCMB. The SCMB internally switches the appropriate circuit from ground to voltage to operate the motors.

As the seat is adjusted, the SCMB monitors fluctuations of the motor current (ripple count for DC (direct current) motors) to determine the current seat position. The SCMB removes voltage from the motor upon termination of the seat control switch input or if the SCMB does not detect movement from the motor.

If equipped with 4-way lumbar, the front seat power lumbar assembly contains 2 inflatable air bladders. Depending upon the voltage signals received from the SCMB, the power lumbar assembly either activates the air pump while diverting air to inflate the selected bladder, or it deflates the selected bladder by venting it to the atmosphere.

Heated Seat Operation

The driver and passenger heated seat buttons are selected from the FCIMB, which then sends the requests to the HVAC module through the CAN. The heated seat system functions independently of the vehicle's climate control system. The system control settings are indicated next to the heated seat switch button. The first setting is high (3 indicators), the second setting is med (2 indicators), the third setting is low (1 indicator) and then off (no indicators).

When activated, the HVAC module supplies voltage to the selected seat heater circuit. Each seat cushion heater mat and backrest heater mat is connected in a series circuit to the HVAC module and powered by the output circuit for that seat. The HVAC module monitors inputs from a temperature sensor located in each seat cushion heater mat, and maintains seat temperature by cycling the heater circuits on/off. The heated seat remains on until the heated seat switch button is pressed to cycle the HVAC module off or the ignition is off.

If a fault is detected by the HVAC module, the module stops supplying voltage to that individual left or right seat that the fault was detected on until the ignition is cycled off and then on.

Heated/Ventilated Seat Operation

The driver and passenger heated/ventilated seat buttons are selected from the FCIMB and/or touchscreen, which then sends the requests to the SCME module through the CAN. The heated/ventilated seat system functions independently from the vehicle's climate control system (except when the seat(s) are in AUTO mode).

Heat Operation

  • The current state of operation is identified by the 3 indicators next to each heated/ventilated seat switch buttons and/or indicated on the touchscreen. Each time the heated/ventilated seat button is pressed, the system will cycle through the following modes: AUTO (indicated on touchscreen), HIGH (3 indicators), MED (2 indicators), LOW (1 indicator) then OFF (no indicators).
  • When activated, the SCME supplies voltage to the selected seat heater circuit. Each seat cushion heater mat and backrest heater mat is connected in a series circuit to the SCME and powered by the output circuit for that seat. The SCME monitors inputs from a temperature sensor located in each seat cushion heater mat, and maintains seat temperature by cycling the heater circuits on/off. The heated seat remains on until the heated seat switch button is pressed to cycle the SCME off or the ignition is off.

Ventilation Operation

  • The seat cushion and backrest are each equipped with a blower motor assembly. Each blower motor draws air through the surface of the cushion and backrest through the foam. Once the system is activated, the SCME controls the blower speed depending on the heated/ventilated seat settings.
  • The system control settings are based on the 3 indicators next to each heated/ventilated seat switch button and/or indicated on the touchscreen. Each time the heated/ventilated seat button is pressed, the system will cycle through the following modes: AUTO (indicated on touchscreen), HIGH (3 indicators), MED (2 indicators), LOW (1 indicator) then OFF (no indicators).

When a seat is in AUTO mode, the seat will automatically raise or lower the seat heating or ventilation settings based on the current termperature control settings on the HVAC control head and cabin conditions. The applicable heated/ventilated seat switch button indicators will illuminate depending on the intensity of heat (or ventilation) that is currently being commanded by the HVAC system.

Remote Start Climate Operation

Different climate control modes/preferences can be selected when the vehicle is started using the remote start feature. This can be accessed through the message center. For additional information on how to set the remote start preferences, refer to the Owner's Literature. When the driver seat and/or passenger seat is set to AUTO mode, the driver/passenger heated or heated/ventilated seat activates in full heat mode when the outside temperature is less than 0° C (32° F) and full cool mode (heated/ventilated seats only) when outside temperature is greater than 27° C (80° F) any time the vehicle is started using the remote start feature. No heated or heated/ventilated seat adjustments are recognized during remote start operation.

Multi-Contour Seat Operation

The multi-contour seats are independently controlled by the seat control buttons on the FDIM (touchscreen). The driver and passenger front seats each contain a total of 11 inflatable bladders: 4 cushion bladders, 2 cushion side bolsters, 3 backrest lumbar bladders and 2 backrest side bolsters. The pressures for the lumbar bladders, cushion bolster pair and backrest bolster pair are displayed on the FDIM as a percentage of the maximum pressure.

There are 2 modes of operation: adjust or massage. Adjust mode allows pressure changes in one of the 3 lumbar bladders and 2 sets of bolsters to be inflated or deflated to a desirable feel. Massage mode provides a sequence of inflation and deflation of the lumbar and cushion bladders to simulate a massage motion.

NOTE: Refer to the Owner's Literature for information how to select the various modes using the touchscreen buttons.

In Adjust mode:

  • Each tap of the up or down buttons cycles through the following bladders and bolsters: Upper lumbar, middle lumbar, lower lumbar, back bolster and cushion bolster.
  • When the inflate/deflate buttons are pressed (or held), the pressure increases or decreases for the currently selected bladder or bolster pair.
  • Pressing the mode select button toggles the seat to massage mode. The ignition must be on for massage mode to function.

NOTE: The passenger multi-contour seat will not enter massage mode unless the passenger seat is occupied (or has greater than 9.07 kg (20 lb) on the seat cushion).

In Massage mode:

  • Each tap of the up or down buttons cycles between backrest and cushion massage modes.
  • Each tap of the inflate/deflate buttons cycles between the intensity levels of massage (off, low and high).
  • Pressing the mode select button toggles the seat to adjust mode. Middle lumbar bladder will be selected automatically.

Component Description

Seat Control Switch

The driver and passenger seat control switch communicate seat commands over a LIN to the DSM/ SCMB, which controls seat movements.

DSM

The driver seat power memory seat motors are hardwired to the DSM. The DSM controls the operation of the power memory seat. The DSM communicates on the MS-CAN. The SCME is integral to the DSM. PMI is required on both the DSM and the SCME when a new DSM is installed. The DSM hard stop/soft stops must be set/reset any time a new DSM, driver seat track, horizontal motor, driver seat backrest, cushion extension assembly (16-way, 24-way and 30-way only) or headrest assembly (30-way only) is installed.

SCMB

The passenger power seat motors are hardwired to the SCMB. The SCMB controls the operation of the seat. The SCMB communicates on the MS-CAN. PMI is required on the SCMB when a new SCMB is installed.

Driver Memory Set Switch

The memory set switch (part of the seat control switch assembly) contains 3 momentary contact switches. It is hardwired to the DDM and is used to recall memory positions stored in the DSM.

Driver Seat Track

There are 3 front seat track bi-directional motors present on power seat tracks. All seat track motors (horizontal, front height, rear height) are serviced as part of the seat track. The seat track motors move the power seat forward/backward and up/down depending on the polarity of voltage supplied from the DSM.

Passenger Seat Track

The passenger power seat is equipped with 3 front seat track bi-directional motors. All seat track motors (horizontal, front height, rear height) are serviced as part of the seat track. The seat track motors move the power seat forward/backward and up/down depending on the polarity of voltage supplied from the SCMB.

Driver Seat Backrest

The driver seat backrest contains a bi-directional motor which is integral to the seat backrest frame. If equipped, the seat backrest may also contain an upper backrest pivot motor. The seat backrest motor(s) move the seat backrest forward/backward depending on the polarity of voltage supplied from the DSM.

Passenger Seat Backrest

The passenger seat backrest contains a bi-directional motor which is integral to the seat backrest frame. If equipped, the seat backrest may also contain an upper backrest pivot motor. The seat backrest motor(s) move the seat backrest forward/backward depending on the polarity of voltage supplied from the SCMB.

FDIM

The FDIM (touchscreen) contains the multi-contour seat control buttons and the heated /ventilated seat buttons. The FDIM plugs directly into the APIM, and does not communicate directly on any network.

FCIMB

The FCIMB contains the heated seat (or heated/ventilated seat) buttons. PMI is required when a new FCIMB is installed.

HVAC Module

If equipped with heated seats, the HVAC module monitors the seat cushion temperature sensor and supplies heater current to the seat cushion and backrest heater mats until the desired setpoint temperature is reached. Once the setpoint temperature is reached, the HVAC module cycles the heater circuits on/off as required to maintain the setpoint temperature. PMI is required when a new HVAC module is installed.

Heater Mat

The cushion heater mats are each equipped with a temperature sensor (thermistor) which provides feedback to the HVAC module (heated seats only) or SCME (heated/ventilated seats). The cushion and backrest heater mats are connected in series.

SCME

The SCME controls the operation of the driver and passenger side heated/ventilated seat system. The SCME is integral to the DSM. PMI is required on both the DSM and the SCME when a new DSM is installed.

When the heated seats are activated, the SCME monitors the seat cushion temperature sensor and supplies heater current to the seat cushion and backrest heater mats until the desired setpoint temperature is reached. Once the setpoint temperature is reached, the SCME cycles the heater circuits on/off as required to maintain the setpoint temperature.

When the ventilated seats are activated, the SCME controls the speed of the backrest and cushion blower motors dependant upon which vent mode is selected (low, med, or high).

SCMG

The SCMG controls the operation of the driver multi-contour seat. PMI is required when a new SCMG is installed. The SCMG communicates on the MS-CAN. The SCMG controls the air pump which supplies the air pressure necessary to be diverted to the applicable air bladders/bolsters as required for the desired mode(s) of operation.

SCMH

The SCMH controls the operation of the passenger multi-contour seat. PMI is required when a new SCMH is installed. The SCMH communicates on the MS-CAN. The SCMH controls the air pump which supplies the air pressure necessary to be diverted to the applicable air bladders/bolsters as required for the desired mode(s) of operation.

Blower Motor

If equipped with heated/ventilated seats, the seat cushion and backrest are each equipped with a blower motor assembly. The blower motor assembly is controlled by the SCME.

Front Seat Power Lumbar Assembly - Without Multi-Contour Seats

If equipped with a 2-way lumbar, the front seat power lumbar assembly is mounted to the backrest frame (serviced as an assembly).

If equipped with 4-way lumbar, the front seat power lumbar assembly is mounted to the backrest frame (serviced as an assembly). The front seat power lumbar assembly contains an air pump, air valves, hoses, and lumbar bladders.

Front Seat Power Lumbar Assembly - Multi-Contour Seats

The front seat power lumbar assembly includes an air pump, air hoses and bladders (serviced as an assembly).

Front Seat Cushion Adjuster - Multi-Contour Seats

The front seat cushion adjuster includes air hoses and bladders (serviced as an assembly).

Power Head Restraint

The front head restraint (serviced as an assembly) is mounted to the backrest. The head restraint contains a seat headrest motor (up/down) and a seat head restraint forward/rearward motor.

    Description and Operation - Front Seats - Overview

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    Front Seats

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    Seatbelt Height Adjustment

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